Past weather events
Case studies of past severe weather events
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2021 2020 2019 2018 2017 2016 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010
2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1998 1990
7 to 8 December
Storm Barra brought strong winds and heavy rain to the UK, but the storm was more extreme across Ireland with the Irish national meteorological service, Met Eireann, issuing a red warning for wind ...
26 to 27 November
Storm Arwen brought severe winds across the UK overnight, with the Met Office issuing a red warning for wind. This was one of the most powerful and damaging winters storms of the latest decade ...
Heavy and persistent rain
26 to 31 October
A slow-moving frontal system brought heavy and persistent rain to parts of northern England and southern Scotland. On 27th October, two rain-gauges in the Lake District recorded daily totals of over 200mm ...
29 to 30 July
Storm Evert brought unusually strong winds for the time of year to southern and south-west England ...
Northern Ireland record temperature
17 to 23 July
31.3°C was recorded at Castlederg, County Tyrone, setting a new all-time temperature record for Northern Ireland for any month ...
Extremes of temperature
Late March to early April
The UK experienced a brief spell of unusual warmth at the end of March, with temperatures reaching 24°C, followed by a cold plunge of Arctic Maritime air in early April bringing widespread hard frosts and some snow ...
Snow and low temperatures including storm Darcy
7 to 13 February
The UK experienced a spell of bitterly cold east winds bringing low temperatures and lying snow to many eastern areas. Temperatures fell below -20°C at three stations in Scotland with the UK's lowest temperature since December 1995 ...
18 to 20 January
Storm Christoph brought some exceptionally wet weather to North Wales and northern England, with some areas receiving around the January whole-month long-term average rainfall ...
26 to 27 December
Storm Bella was a large, deep area of low pressure in the North Atlantic bringing heavy rain and strong winds across the UK ...
Storm Aiden was part of a spell of turbulent, wet and windy weather to affect the UK from late October to early November ...
Storm Alex and heavy rain
2 to 4 October
Storm Alex brought strong winds to the southern half of the UK, while 3 October 2020 was the wettest day on record since 1891 for UK-wide rainfall with average rainfall of 31.7mm across the entire UK ...
Storms Ellen and Francis
19 to 21 August; 25 August
Storms Ellen and Francis were two of the most notable August storms in the UK in the last 50 years, with gusts of 50 to 60Kt in exposed coastal locations ...
Extreme rainfall, Norfolk
Thunderstorms affected parts of East Anglia on 16th August. A rain-gauge in East Wretham, Norfolk recorded a remarkable daily total of 239.9mm ...
Thunderstorms north-east Scotland
11 to 12 August
North-east Scotland experienced thunderstorms and torrential downpours bringing 30 to 50mm or more of rain in 3 hours or less, causing flash-flooding ...
Southern England heatwave
Temperatures exceeded 34 °C across parts of the south-east for six consecutive days and there were several 'tropical nights' with the overnight temperature remaining above 20 °C ...
Exceptionally hot day
The temperature reached 37.8 °C at Heathrow making this the UK's third hottest day on record ...
28 February to 1 March
Storm Jorge brought further strong winds and heavy rain in late-February. Jorge was less severe than storms Ciara or Dennis but the additional rain exacerbated flooding problems ...
15 to 16 February
Heavy rain from storm Dennis caused widespread flooding. 50 to 100mm of rain fell across western upland parts of the UK and the Met Office issued a Red Warning for parts of south Wales.
8 to 9 February
Strong winds and heavy rain from Ciara, one of the most powerful storms of the last few years, brought widespread disruption across the UK. West Yorkshire was among the areas worst affected by flooding.
Storms Atiyah and Brendan
8 to 9 December 2019; 13 to 14 January 2020
Storm Atiyah brought strong winds to Wales and south-west England, while storm Brendan was a deep Atlantic low pressure system bringing strong winds and heavy rain across the UK.
18.7 °C was recorded at Achfary (Sutherland), the UK's highest December temperature on record.
Severe flooding South Yorkshire
Severe flooding affected parts of South Yorkshire and Derbyshire after a whole month's average rain fell in 24 hours.
An area of low pressure brought very strong winds to south Wales and the south coast with a gust of 95 Kt (109 mph) at Needles Old Battery, Isle of Wight.
Persistent wet weather
A slow moving front brought persistent heavy rain across parts of England and Wales.
Wet weather spell and Storm Lorenzo
Late September to early October
A spell of wet weather during late September was followed by Storm Lorenzo on 3 October.
30 to 31 July
Parts of North Yorkshire, south Manchester and the Pennines experienced flash-flooding following torrential downpours with some locations recording 40 to 60mm of rain in one hour.
On 25 July, 38.7 °C at Cambridge Botanic Garden set a new UK temperature record.
The UK experienced a spell of very wet weather in mid-June. Parts of Lincolnshire received 2.5 times the monthly average rainfall in 3 days.
26 to 27 April
Storm Hannah was one of the most significant April storms in the last 50 years, with exposed locations in west Wales recording gusts of over 60 Kt (69 mph).
10 to 16 March
The UK experienced a turbulent week of very wet and windy weather including storm Gareth.
3 to 4 March
Storm Freya brought strong winds and heavy rain to England, Wales and southern Scotland.
21 to 27 February
The UK experienced some exceptionally high temperatures for the time of year with 21.2 °C at Kew Gardens (London) on 26 February the highest temperature on record for a winter month.
8 to 9 February
Storm Erik was a deep Atlantic low pressure system bringing strong winds to the UK. Much of the country recorded gusts over 50mph (58Kt).
15 to 16 December
Storm Deirdre brought strong winds and freezing rain to western and northern parts of the UK...
11 to 13 October
Storm Callum brought strong winds and persistent heavy rain to western parts of the UK, with south Wales particularly badly affected by flooding...
Storms Ali and Bronagh
19 to 21 September
Storm Ali brought very strong winds and heavy rain to Scotland and Northern Ireland, followed by storm Bronagh which brought very heavy rain to England and Wales...
Summer 2018 brought plenty of warm, dry, sunny weather with the UK often under the influence of high pressure...
Storm Hector brought some unseasonably strong winds to the UK. The strongest winds were across Northern Ireland, North Wales, northern England and southern Scotland...
18 to 22 April
The UK experienced some unusually high temperatures for the time of year with high pressure over the near continent drawing very warm air from the south...
Snow and low temperatures
Late February to early March
The UK experienced a spell of severe winter weather with very low temperatures and significant snowfalls from late February to early March 2018...
On 16 October Ex-Hurricane Ophelia brought very strong winds to the west of the UK and Ireland. This date fell on the exact 30th anniversary of the Great Storm of 1987...
Hot, sunny spell
A spell of hot, sunny weather from 17 to 21 June led to the UK's highest June temperature since 1976...
Strong winds and heavy rain from storm Angus
The first named storm of the 2016-2017 season brought some damaging winds to the south coast, accompanied by heavy rain causing flooding mainly across parts of south-west England...
Exceptional warmth, September 2016
A brief heatwave from 12 to 15 September brought some exceptionally high temperatures accompanied by flash-flooding...
Exceptional warmth, December 2015
December 2015 was easily the warmest December on record across the UK...
Further rainfall and flooding across north of the UK
A sequence of heavy rainfall events in late December led to further widespread severe flooding across northern parts of the UK...
Flooding in Cumbria December 2015
Persistent heavy rainfall from storm Desmond on 4 to 6 December led to widespread flooding in Cumbria and across other parts of northern Britain...
Heatwave 1 July 2015
The UK experienced a 1-day heatwave as hot air moved north from Spain, setting a new July temperature record...
10 - 11 August
The UK experienced some unseasonably windy and very wet weather from the remnants of ex-hurricane Bertha...
Winter storms, January to February 2014
Late January to mid-February
From late January to mid-February, a sequence of major winter storms again affected the UK, causing widespread impacts and major flooding problems...
Winter storms, December 2013 to January 2014
December to early January 2014
From mid-December to early January, the UK experienced a spell of extreme weather as a succession of major winter storms brought widespread impacts...
Autumn storm, October 2013
A powerful autumn storm brought damaging winds across much of southern England on 28 October 2013...
Hot dry spell July 2013
From 3 to 23 July 2013 the UK experienced a spell of hot, sunny weather with an area of high pressure established across the UK...
Snow and low temperatures late March 2013
Late March to early April
A spell of severe winter weather brought significant snowfalls and unseasonably low temperatures to many parts of the UK from late March to early April 2013...
Exceptionally wet weather - November 2012
A sequence of heavy rainfall events in late November 2012 resulted in one of the wettest weeks in England in the last 50 years...
Record rainfall - April to July 2012
April to July 2012
From April to July 2012 the UK experienced a period of exceptionally wet weather, breaking previous rainfall records...
England and Wales drought 2010 to 2012
2010 to March 2012
Much of central, eastern and southern England and Wales experienced a prolonged period of below average rainfall from 2010 to early 2012...
Winter storms, early January 2012
A major winter storm brought very strong winds across much of the UK on 3 January 2012. The worst affected area was southern Scotland...
Early winter storms, late 2011
Late November to mid December
On 8 December 2011, a deep Atlantic low pressure system brought very strong winds across the northern half of the UK. Scotland bore the brunt of the storm...
Exceptionally warm and dry Spring 2011
Spring 2011 (March, April and May)
This period was remarkable for the unusual warmth during April and the persistent lack of rainfall during March and April, particularly over England and Wales...
Snow and low temperatures, December 2010
25 November - 26 December
From late November to Boxing Day 2010 the UK experienced two spells of severe winter weather with very low temperatures and significant snowfalls...
Heavy rainfall and flooding in Cornwall, November 2010
16 - 17 November
Very heavy rainfall in the early hours of 17 November resulted in severe flooding to parts of Cornwall...
Snow and low temperatures - December 2009 to January 2010
17 December 2009 - 15 January 2010
The UK experienced a spell of very low temperatures and significant snowfalls which affected almost the whole country...
Heavy rainfall/flooding in the Lake District, Cumbria - November 2009
18 - 19 November
Exceptionally prolonged and heavy rainfall on 18 and 19 November led to severe flooding across parts of the Lake District...
Early February 2009 snowfalls
2 - 6 February
Heavy snowfalls over much of the United Kingdom in early February...
Hail/thunderstorms over east Devon - 29/30 October 2008
29 - 30 October
Heavy and thundery downpours over east Devon, with flooding and travel disruption...
Snow and low temperatures - 28-30 October 2008
28 - 30 October
Record low October temperatures and snow reported across many areas of the UK...
Heavy rainfall early September 2008
5 - 6 September
Prolonged rainfall resulted in flooding, especially in south Wales and north-east England...
Strong winds 10-12 March 2008
10 - 12 March
Strong winds over England and Wales caused some disruption to transport and power supplies over this period...
Heavy rainfall/flooding - July 2007
Record July totals and heavy rainfall on 19/20 July, resulted in widespread flooding and transport disruption over the south Midlands...
Record rainfall - June-July & May-July 2007
June-July & May-July
Record totals over England and Wales for both of these periods...
Heavy rainfall/flooding - June 2007
Record June totals and heavy rainfall on 12/15 June (N Ireland & N England) and 24/25 June (Yorkshire and the Humber), resulted in widespread flooding and disruption...
Record breaking heat and sunshine - July 2006
July 2006 was the warmest month on record over much of the UK and the sunniest over parts of England...
Dry spell 2004/6
Between November 2004 and July 2006, 17 out of the 21 months recorded below-average rainfall across England SE & Central S..
Flooding in North Yorkshire - 19 June 2005
Heavy and thundery downpours over northern England resulted in flooding around the North York Moors..
Floods in Carlisle - January 2005
Heavy rainfall on Friday 7th January led to flooding in Carlisle on Saturday 8th..
January 2005 - stormy spells
There were two particularly stormy spells - on the 7th/8th and 11th/12th - each resulting in widespread damage and disruption
Flooding in north Cornwall - 16 August 2004
Heavy rain in north Cornwall caused flash floods in Boscastle and Crackington Haven..
Strong winds/heavy rainfall - 7/8 July 2004
7 - 8 July
Strong winds caused problems to transport, as well as power supplies, with heavy rain in East Anglia...
Rainfall over south-east England, 20-23 Nov 2003
20 - 23 November
After a dry summer and autumn, heavy rain fell over south-east England...
Dry weather during 2003
Rainfall totals have generally been below average for most of the year...
Hot spell - August 2003
Brogdale near Faversham (Kent) has set the new UK temperature record...
Record-breaking maximum temperatures - 26/27 January 2003
26 - 27 January
Parts of the UK experienced very unseasonable, mild weather...
UK warm, dry and sunny year - 2003
Record rainfall - October/December 2002
October - December
Heavy rain during October to December 2002...
Strong Winds - 27 October 2002
There were gales and severe gales over much of the south of the UK on the 27 October 2002..
Heavy rainfall/strong winds - 14/15 October 2002
14 - 15 October
Heavy rain fell over much of southern and eastern England...
Heavy rainfall/strong winds - 13 October 2002
Heavy rainfall and Strong winds occurred over much of the south-west of the UK...
Record December 2001 sunshine
Heavy rainfall - East UK 20/21 October 2001
October 2001 rain
The wet autumn of 2000
The Bracknell Storm - 7 May 2000
April 2000 - Record rainfall
Easter 1998 floods
Hot spell August 1990
Burns' Day Storm - 25 January 1990